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The Full Picture .pdf >>

Effectiveness of Birth Control Methods in
Preventing Pregnancy and STDs/HIV Infection

% of Unplanned Pregnancies, Ranked by % of Users
Method
% of Users1
Perfect Use1
Lowest– Highest
15-44 Yrs2
Lowest – Highest
15-19 Yrs2
STD/HIV Infection Prevention3
Abstinence
Increasing
0.0
0.0
0.0
100%
Sterilization
38.6
 
 
 
None
Female
27.7
0.5
0.5
0.5
 
Male
10.9

0.1

0.2
0.2
 
Combined Pill
26.9
0.1
3.8 - 8.7
8.0 - 18.1
May increase risk
Male condom
20.4
3.0
9.8 - 18.5
11.4 - 19.3
50%
Withdrawal
3.0
4.0
14.7 - 27.8
17.1 - 29.0
None
Depo-Provera
3.0
0.3
0.4
0.4
May increase risk
Natural Family Planning (NFP)*
2.3
2.04
2.0 - 8.94
 
None
Diaphragm
1.9
6.0
12.0 - 38.9
10.6 - 35.5
None
Other
1.8
 
 
 
 
Norplant
1.3
0.05
0.05
N/A
None
Intrauterine Device (IUD)
0.8
0.8
2.5 - 4.5
2.2 - 6.3
May increase risk
TOTAL
100
 
 
 
 

*NFP is not Calendar Rhythm which assumes each cycle is the same. Rates refer to the Sympto-Thermal Method (STM) of NFP that is taught by the Archdiocese of Washington (301-853-4564).

Footnotes

  1. The Alan Guttmacher Institute (2000). http://www.agi-usa.org Prevention and Contraception, Facts in Brief: Contraception Use


  2. Harlap, S., Kost, K., & Forrest, J. D. (1991). Preventing pregnancy, protecting health: A new look at birth control choices in the United States. Alan Guttmacher Institute: New York.


  3. O’Connell, M. L. (1996). The effects of birth control methods on STD/HIV risk. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 25, 476-480.


  4. Klaus, H. (1982). N.F.P.: A Review. OB/GYN Survey, 37, 128-150.


Mary Lee O’Connell, CRNP - 8/04 ©