Adolescent Stages - Your Changing Teens
Who They Are and How to Reach Them .pdf
I. Early Adolescence (11-14 Years)
- #1 concern - “Am I normal?” - will compare
self with peers
- Preoccupation with self, feelings, and body
- Conflict with dependency needs and need to detach
- Self exploration/masturbation
- Highly sensitive to criticism
- Poor impulse control
- Present oriented to the here and now. Do not perceive
future implications of actions and have limited ability
for abstract thought
II. Middle Adolescence (14-17 Years)
- Late maturers need increased reassurance
- Developing capacity for cause-effect and abstract thinking
- Can see future implications but not to own actions
- Increased involvement with peers and distancing from parents
III. Late Adolescence (17-20 Years)
- Listen non-judgmentally - be aware of your body language.
- Positive reinforcement on good decisions, efforts to look
good and take good care of health.
- Ask about peer relationships.
- Take concerns and conflicts seriously.
- Immediately acknowledge if there is any misunderstanding
on your part. Teen’s feelings can be intense. They
can be easily offended and withdraw if they judge that they
are not being taken seriously.
- Established abstract thought. Can perceive and act on
long range operations
- Ability to delay gratification, set limits, and see others
- Intimacy involves commitment rather than exploration and
- Acknowledge maturity and do not be stuck in the past -
see as emerging adult, acknowledge their transition and
- Active advice - be a source of information.
- Give factual information, empathy and support.
Mary Lee O’Connell, CRNP - 8/04